1. Chess variants with different initial positions


These chess variants have different initial positions than chess. Otherwise the rules are the same, the table is the same, and the pieces are the same (but not necessarily in the same number).

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Different piece order


Chess 960

Random initial position on the back rank

List games (44)  ·  Try the rules


Mongredien Chess

Same minor pieces on the same side

List games (3)  ·  Try the rules


Transposed pieces

Bishops and knights are swapped

List games (7)  ·  Try the rules


Fianchetto Chess

Rooks and bishops are swapped

List games (7)  ·  Try the rules


Reversed Royals

Black queen and king are swapped

List games (19)  ·  Try the rules

Other symmetric


Advanced Pawn Chess

Pawns start on the third rank

List games (9)  ·  Try the rules


Corner Rook Chess

All pieces except rooks start one step advanced

List games (14)  ·  Try the rules


Pawn Endgame

Only pawns and kings

List games (32)  ·  Try the rules


Upside-down Chess

Reversed initial position, the pawns start one step away from promotion

List games (20)  ·  Try the rules

Asymmetric, balanced

In these variants though the initial position is not symmetric, the chances may be more or less equal. The exact number of pieces is adjustable.


Pawns for Queen

White has no queen, but has much more pawns instead

List games (20)  ·  Try the rules


Pawns vs Knights

White has only pawns, and Black has knights and a single pawn

List games (17)  ·  Try the rules


Knight Army

Black has seven knights and more pawns

List games (8)  ·  Try the rules


Queens vs Knights

Black has only queens, and White has only knights

List games (29)  ·  Try the rules

Unequal

These variants explicitly prefer one player (white) to equalize players with different skills.


Pawn Handicap

A black pawn is missing

List games (1)  ·  Try the rules


Two Pawns Handicap

Two black pawns are missing

List games (1)  ·  Try the rules


Knight Handicap

One of the black knights is missing

List games (2)  ·  Try the rules


Rook Handicap

One of the black rooks is missing

List games (4)  ·  Try the rules


Bishop-pair Handicap

Both black bishops are missing

List games (5)  ·  Try the rules


Queen Handicap

The black queen is missing

List games (10)  ·  Try the rules


Two Rooks Handicap

Both black rooks are missing

List games (3)  ·  Try the rules


Queen and Rook Handicap

Black has no queen and only one rook

List games (9)  ·  Try the rules


Queenside Handicap

All the black queenside is missing

List games (18)  ·  Try the rules