1. Chess variants with different initial positions


These chess variants have different initial positions than chess. Otherwise the rules are the same, the table is the same, and the pieces are the same (but not necessarily in the same number).

Different piece order


Chess 960

Random initial position on the back rank


Mongredien Chess

Same minor pieces on the same side


Transposed pieces

Bishops and knights are swapped


Fianchetto Chess

Rooks and bishops are swapped


Reversed Royals

Black queen and king are swapped

Other symmetric


Advanced Pawn Chess

Pawns start on the third rank


Corner Rook Chess

All pieces except rooks start one step advanced


Upside-down Chess

Reversed initial position, the pawns start one step away from promotion

Asymmetric, balanced

In these variants though the initial position is not symmetric, the chances may be more or less equal. The exact number of pieces is adjustable.


Pawns for Queen

White has no queen, but has much more pawns instead


Pawns vs Knights

White has only pawns, and Black has knights and a single pawn


Knight Army

Black has seven knights and more pawns


Queens vs Knights

Black has only queens, and White has only knights

Unequal

These variants explicitly prefer one player (white) to equalize players with different skills.


Two Pawns Handicap

Two black pawns are missing


Knight Handicap

One of the black knights is missing


Rook Handicap

One of the black rooks is missing


Bishop-pair Handicap

Both black bishops are missing


Queen Handicap

The black queen is missing


Two Rooks Handicap

Both black rooks are missing


Queen and Rook Handicap

Black has no queen and only one rook


Queenside Handicap

All the black queenside is missing